AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL CULTURE : TOPICS

INTRODUCTION TO AUSTRALIA'S ABORIGINAL CULTURE


Australia's Aboriginal culture probably represents the oldest surviving culturein the world, with the use of stone tool technology and painting with red ochre pigment dating to at least 50,000 years ago... 

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REGIONAL VARIATIONS

Australia’s landscape varies from rainforests to deserts, from coastal and marine environments to an arid interior. Subsequent variations in vegetation and food resources have shaped the nature of Aboriginal culture, which varies throughout the continent...

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RELIGION

Aboriginal religion, like other religions, is characterised by having a god or gods who created people and the surrounding environment during a particular creation period at the beginning of time...

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SOCIAL ORGANISATION

Aboriginal people have complex social and marriage laws, based on the grouping of people with their society. The social fabric of Aboriginal society is maintained in the remote parts of central and northern Australia, and the present tense is used to describe these features...

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Art

Aboriginal art is integral to the culture, and often inspired by religious and ceremonial aspects of life. Here are summaries of situations where painted and engraved art have been applied in traditional times, other art forms, and an overview of the main styles of Aboriginal art...

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Basketry

Aboriginal women utilise a range of bags, baskets and containers to carry food and other items...

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Body Adornment

We all like to dress up and look our best amongst friends and family, and Aboriginal people are no different...

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Bush Foods

A wide range of plants and animals were eaten by Australia’s Aborigines, and insect foods included certain ants, grubs, moths and beetles, while streams provided fish and eels (in some regions). Birds were eaten, including waterfowl, scrub fowl, the cassowary and the jabiru.

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Ceremonial Life

To this day, ceremonies play an important part in Aboriginal life. Small ceremonies, or rituals, are still practised in some remote parts of Australia, such as in Arnhem Land and Central Australia, in order to ensure a supply of plant and animal foods...

Fishing

In addition to land animals and plants, Aboriginal people hunt and fish a range of marine and freshwater species. Coastal people hunt sharks, dolphins, rays, turtles and marine fish...

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Fire Making

At the time of European contact, Australian Aborigines made fire using four methods. These were...

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Housing and Shelters

Australian Aborigines were nomadic people, hunting and food gathering as they travelled within their tribal boundaries. They made semi-permanent stops, camping for days or weeks in one place, depending on the availability of food and water.

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Stone Tools

Stone tools were used to cut wood and bark from trees, to fashion wooden tools, weapons and utensils, and to pound and grind food.

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Tree Climbing

People climbed trees for a number of reasons. To catch possums, lizards, snakes and other native animals...

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Wooden Tools and Weapons

Australian Aborigines manufactured a range of tools, utensils, fighting weapons, and hunting weapons made from the available resources of wood, bone and shell...

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